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Gingivitis (inflammation of the gums) is the name given to the early stages of gum disease. It is caused by the build-up of plaque. Plaque is created by oral bacteria which digest sugars and starches inside the mouth, creating acidic byproducts. If plaque is not removed regularly, it can spread to the gum line and surrounding tissues. If detected early, gingivitis in Miami can easily be treated. In fact, the condition can often be reversed. However, if gingivitis goes untreated, it can develop into the more advanced form of gum disease known as periodontitis. Periodontitis can lead to the destruction of gum and bone tissue and may eventually cause tooth loss. Untreated periodontitis is associated with an increased risk of heart disease, stroke, and diabetes.

An image of stethoscope, syringe and injection bottle on a paperSymptoms of Gingivitis

Early signs of gingivitis include tender, red, or inflamed gums. Gums may bleed after brushing or flossing. Sufferers may also have halitosis (bad breath). However, gingivitis can sometimes remain symptom-free in its early stages. It is therefore vital to schedule regular dental check-ups to monitor the health of your gums.

Treatments for Gingivitis

Improving your oral hygiene regime can help to both prevent and treat gingivitis. Brush your teeth for at least two minutes twice a day. Use fluoride toothpaste and a soft-bristled brush. Angle the brush in order to remove plaque from the gum line. Floss at least once a day. For extra protection, rinse with a fluoride mouthwash. If plaque in your mouth has hardened into the more stubborn form known as tartar, you will need to see a dental hygienist. Visit your dentist regularly to safeguard the health of your teeth and gums.

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